Of the man

Before we start treatment for infertility it is important that we have identified the causes of the infertility.

Both the man and the woman are examined. The examination of the man includes information of general health, an analysis of the sperm cells, an analysis of the hormones, and possibly an analysis of the chromosomes and an ultrasound examination of the testicles.

Information of general health

We need information of the general health of the man, among other things we observe:

  • Relations as regards life style (working environment, stress factors, etc.)
  • Possible diseases and infections


Sperm analysis

The man must hand in a sperm sample to the clinic. It is important that he has not had ejaculation for approx. 3-4 days prior to the sperm analysis, this in order to properly evaluate the quality of the sperm cells.

The sperm sample is analysed in our laboratory. This will take a couple of hours and you will then have the result. Often one sperm sample is not enough to give a correct picture of the quality of the sperm cells, as they can be influenced by stress factors or the general health.


The sperm cells are evaluated through a microscope, and we observe how the sperm cells move, the number of living sperm cells, and if they are normal, and finally the concentration of the sperm cells.

A normal sperm sample would look like this:

  • At least 2 millilitre semen
  • At least 2 millions sperm cells for each millilitre semen
  • At least 50% of the sperm cells must move and be living
  • A certain part of the sperm cells must move fast forward
  • At least 30% of the sperm cells must look normal

After cleaning up the sperm quality is classified like this:

  • Very reduced sperm quality: less than 2 millions sperm cells
  • Somewhat reduced sperm quality: between 2 and 10 millions sperm cells
  • Normal sperm quality: more than 10 millions sperm cells


Chromosome analysis and ultrasound examination

If the sperm quality proves to be very bad, a micro insemination could be the right treatment for you.

Prior to the micro insemination we might perform a chromosome analysis of the man and an ultrasound examination of the testicles.


Here you can read more about:

 

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