Of the woman

Examination of the womanBefore we start the treatment for infertility, it is important that we identify the causes of your infertility.

Both the man and the woman are examined. The examination of the woman includes information of general health, examination of the uterus and an analysis of the hormones.

Information of general health

We need information about the general health of the women, among other things we observe:

  • Relations as regards life style (smoking, overweight, etc.)
  • Possible diseases
  • If she has had German measles, chlamydia, or carcinomatous cells in the internal female organs.
  • If she has ovulation herself or through hormone treatment

Examination of the uterus and the uterine tubes

Various methods are used to examine the uterus. Normally, a water scan of the uterus gives sufficient information about the function of the uterus and the uterine tubes. Below you can read more about the various examinations and why it is sometimes necessary to examine in different ways. Illustrated is a normally functioning uterus:

Uterus UK

Water Scan (HSU)

At water scan we can by means of ultrasound examine if the woman has a normal uterus and if the passage for the eggs through the uterine tubes is free. A water scan takes 10 minutes and is usually painless. Some will experience a small discomfort at the examination. A water scan is often called HSU, this is an abbreviation of hysterosalpingoultrasonography. A water scan is the most frequently used method to examine the woman’s uterus and uterine tubes.


With a hysteroscopy we can examine the woman’s uterus and uterine tubes for abnormalities. A hysteroscopy is an examination with a telescope-like instrument, through which the inner side of the woman’s uterus can be observed. The examination is performed in local anaesthesia.

Hysterosalpingography (HSG)

Hysterosalpingography is often abbreviated to HSG. HSG is an X-ray examination where some contrast fluid is sprayed into the uterus, and the function of the uterine tubes are displayed on the X-ray. The examination might involve some discomfort.


A laparoscopy is an examination with a telescope-like instrument. A laparoscopy gives a good view of the internal female organs. At the same time it is possible to examine the other organs in the abdominal cavity. A laparoscopy is performed in hospital in full anaesthesia.

Analysis of the hormones

An analysis of the hormones is at blood test, which shows the present concentration of the hormones.

The interplay of the hormones and the concentration is of considerable importance for the woman’s ability to mature eggs and to get an ovulation.

Here you can read more about:



Progress with PGD for Sickle Cell prevention
Studies in Denmark and Belgium.

Good IVF success rates after single embryo transfers
Transferring one IVF embryo, followed by a second, is almost as likely to result in a pregnancy as transferring two at a time.

IUI workshop
At University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital

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